Roquebert, Q., Sicsic, J.Rapp, T. et al.Health measures and long-term care use in the European frail populationEur J Health Econ 22, 405–423 (2021),



This paper explores the association between health measures and long-term care (LTC) use in the 70+ old population. We examine how different measures of health—subjective versus objective—predict LTC use, provided either formally or informally. We consider an absolute measure of subjective health, the grade given by the individual to his/her health status, and additionally construct a relative measure capturing the difference between this grade and the average grade given to health by individuals sharing the same characteristics. Conceptually, this difference comes from the perception of the individual, corresponding to both the private health information and the reporting behavior affecting self-rated health. We use the baseline data from the SPRINTT study, an ongoing randomized control trial on 1519 subjects facing physical frailty and sarcopenia (PF&S) in 11 European countries. Our sample population is older than 70 (mean: 79 years) and comprises a majority (71%) of women. Results show that self-rated health indicators correlate to formal care even when objective health measures are included, while it is not the case for informal care. Formal care consumption thus appears to be more sensitive to the individual’s perception of health than informal care.


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